Madison, Dorothea (Payne) Todd, 1927, Biographical Sketch

MARRIED TO John Todd, a Philadelphia lawyer, when only nineteen, the future mistress of the White House was widowed two years later. It was while living with her mother that "Dolly," as she was familiarly known, met James Madison, then a bachelor of 52, having been presented to him, at Madison's request, by Aaron Burr. The two were married in 1794, and in 1801, Mrs. Madison accompanied her husband, who had been selected by Jefferson, as his Secretary of State, to Washington, acting frequently for Jefferson as hostess at the White House. With the advent of the inauguration in her own right as hostess, there began a social reign, which in its popularity has never been duplicated in the Executive Mansion. Mrs. Madison and her husband fled from Washington by night in 1814, when British troops set fire to the Capitol and other buildings. She died in 1849, at the age of 77, in stricken circumstances, having been beggared by the child of her first marriage, but nevertheless to the end, still a dowager queen.
1. Brief Biographies of our Presidents and the First Ladies of the Land, 1927, American Weekly, Inc., page 5.

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