Arthur, Chester Alan, 1927, Biographical Sketch
THE STORY of Chester Alan Arthur is that of a man who found himself when the responsibility of the Nation's Chief Executiveship was unexpectedly thrust on his shoulders in 1881 by the death of President Garfield. A machine politician, nominated for the Vice-Presidency as a compromise, after having been deposed from the only public office he had ever had, that of Collector of the Port of New York, Arthur startled the country by instituting a reform administration. To him must be given credit for the now famous Civil Service Law and to the mitigation of many of the evils of the spoils system inaugurated by Jackson fifty years before. He refused absolutely to use the office of the Presidency for his own interests or that of his party, and no President has ever done so little to obtain a second term.
1. Brief Biographies of our Presidents and the First Ladies of the Land, 1927, American Weekly, Inc., page 22.
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