General Orders No. 30, 1864, War Department
The following is hereby established as the ration for issue by the Subsistence Department to adult refugees and to adult colored persons, commonly called "Contrabands," when they are not employed at labor by the Government, and who may have no means of subsisting themselves, viz: ten (10) ounces of pork or bacon, or one (1) pound of fresh beef; one (1) pound of corn meal five (5) times a week; and one (1) pound of flour or soft bread, or twelve (12) ounces of hard bread, twice a week; and to evoey one hundred (100) rations ten (10) pounds of beans, peas, or hominy; eight (8) pounds of sugar; two (2) quarts of vinegar; eight (8) ounces of adamantine or star candles; two (2) pounds of soup; two (2) pounds of salt; and fifteen (15) pounds of potatoes, when practicable. To children under fourteen (14) years of age, half rations will be issued; and to women and children, roasted rye coffee at the rate of ten (10) pounds, or tea at the rate of fifteen (15) ounces, to every one hundred (100) rations.
Adjutant General's Office, Washington, January 25, 1864.
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