Crescent College, 1911, Historical Sketch
Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women was originally established in Little Rock, Ark., in 1898. In 1908 it was transferred to Eureka Springs to obtain certain advantages not enjoyed by other schools in the United States for the education of girls and young women.
While it was located in Little Rock it was undoubtedly better patronized than any other school in the State, but, as was anticipated upon moving to Eureka Springs, its superior advantages have become so widely known and greatly appreciated that within the past three years nearly one-haif of the States in the Union have been represented in its patronage. The unexcelled advantages of altitude, climate and water, the magnificent home occupied by the School, and its reputation for thorough, high-grade instruction, are attracting to it each year stu dents from the North who desire a select school where they mav avoid the harsh winters of their own homes as well as students from the South seeking an altitude and climate more favorable to their complete physical development.
It is a private and select School for girls and young women, managed and operated by experienced educators, who, with an Advisory Board consisting of some of the most prominent business and professional men in this country, have placed the institution beyond the experimental stage. It is non-sectarian and non-denominational, but distinctly Christian, and solicits its patronage from only the best and most refined families solely upon the merits of the institution. Briefly stated, it offers thorough and advanced courses in the Literary Department, maintains a complete Conservatory of Music and also the departments of Art, Expression, Domestic Science and Art, and the Commercial branches. The Literary Department includes certain Grammar School grades, offered for the benefit of day pupils, and two courses, known as College Preparatory and Junior College Courses. The College Preparatory Course is the equivalent of that of the standard high schools, and the Junior-College Course includes the last two years of the College Preparatory and two additional years of standard College work.
As an evidence of the thoroughness of the work in the Literary Department, it maintains accredited relations with probably a greater number of the higher women's Colleges, such as Vassar, Smith and Wellesley and the various Universities than any other school of this character in the South or Southwest.A diploma is offered upon the completion of the College Preparatory Course, which may be used as a certificate of admission to the higher Colleges without examination; students doing satisfactory work who graduate from the Junior College Course receive advanced standing in the higher Colleges and rank as full Juniors in the course leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree. The advantage of this affiliation is attributed to the fact that the Institution maintains an ample corps of teachers who are not experiments, but who are University graduates and specialists in their respective departments. It makes no pretense to give a full baccalaureate degree, as do some schools of this character, but its watchword is "Thoroughness," and students who do not fulfill the requirements of these standards are not promoted.
On the summit of Crescent Mountain, from which the institution has derived its name, CRESCENT COLLEGE AND CONSERVATORY stands like a huge sentinel guarding the town. It is an imposing four-story, fireproof building of rough hewn stone, erected and furnished at a cost of over $300,000, and for years has excited the universal admiration of visitors from all parts of the world. It was erected originally for a high-class hotel, and nothing was spared to make it comfortable, convenient, attractive and safe. It is at once the most complete and substantial building and the most magnificent and expensively constructed property in the United States used as a young women's College. The attractive and comfortable apartments within the building deserve special mention, as no other school of our knowledge is so fortunate in this respect. Every bed-room in the building is an outside room, elegantly furnished and carpeted. Half of them are arranged with private bath and toilet and there are numerous baths on each end of every corridor. The dining-room, reception hall, the Chapel, the private parlors and class-rooms are comfortable and attractive. The entire building is heated by steam, lighted by electricity, equipped with an electric elevator, call-bells and speaking-tubes, and is supplied on every floor with pure spring water for all purposes.
In connection with the building the College has its own store, bake-shop, laundry, ice-house, and cold storage. The North Annex was recently added at a cost of $25,000. Here is situated the most complete and most sanitary culinary department found in any boarding-school of this character.
The Campus is situated on Prospect Avenue, one of the best residence streets in the city. It contains ten acres and is well shaded, beautiful in its arrangement, and affords plenty of room for outdoor exercise. It is well drained in every direction and never muddy. Situated immediately on the street-car line, within easy reach of every important point in this city, it enjoys the seclusion of a suburban location.
1. "Historical and Descriptive," Annual Catalog of Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, 1911, pages 12, 13, 15.
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